Tbt Agreement Definition

However, for the purposes of this Agreement, the following definitions shall apply: the definition in ISO/IEC Guide 2 is not consistent in itself, but is based on the so-called modular system. 10.7 Where a Member has concluded an agreement with another country or countries on matters related to technical regulations, standards or conformity assessment procedures that may have a significant impact on trade, at least one Member of the Contracting Party, through the Secretariat, shall communicate to other Members the products to be covered by the Agreement and provide a brief description of the Agreement. The Members concerned shall be invited, upon request, to enter into consultations with other Members with a view to concluding similar agreements or organising their participation in such agreements. 3. Citizens of the parties to the dispute may not work in a technical group of experts without the common agreement of the parties to the dispute, unless, in exceptional cases, the body considers that the need for specialized scientific expertise cannot be met in any other way. Government officials of the parties to the dispute may not call upon a technical panel of experts. Members of technical expert panels are in their individual capacity and are not representatives of the government or representatives of any organization. Governments or organizations cannot therefore give them instructions on matters before a technical group of experts. 1.1 General concepts of standardisation and conformity assessment procedures are generally of the importance which they have given to definitions adopted within the United Nations system and by international standardisation bodies, taking into account their context and in the light of the objective and purpose of this Convention. The general terms and their definitions relating to standardization and related activities contained in the sixth edition of ISO/IEC Guide 2:1991 shall, when used in this Agreement, have the same meaning as those contained in this Guide, taking into account that services are excluded from the scope of this Agreement. The TBT aims to ensure that technical regulations, standards, testing and certification procedures do not create unnecessary barriers to trade.

The agreement prohibits technical requirements created to restrict trade, unlike technical requirements created for legitimate purposes such as consumer or environmental protection. [1] Its objective is to avoid unnecessary obstacles to international trade and to grant all WTO members recognition of the protection of legitimate interests in accordance with their own regulatory autonomy, although the application of international standards is encouraged. The list of legitimate interests which may justify a restriction of trade is not exhaustive and covers the protection of the environment, health and safety of humans and animals. [1] In accordance with Article 1, this agreement covers all industrial and agricultural products, with the exception of services, sanitary and phytosanitary measures (as defined in the agreement on the application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures) and « purchasing specifications developed by public authorities for the production or consumption requirements of public authorities » (art.